Effects of planned teaching programme on prevention of suicidal behavior of school students among school teachers
S. Simon Samuvel
Background: Today India has a population of adolescents that is among the largest in the world. This is the generation, which will shape India’s future. Worldwide, suicide is among the top five causes of mortality in the 13 to 19 years of age group. According to world health organization, every year, suicide is committed by at least 8 million people in the world. The number of suicide attempts is probably ten times higher. India occupies the first highest rate of suicides in youth. When corrected for underreporting, these rates are likely to be much higher. While 8,068 students committed suicide in 2014, the number increased to 8,934 in 2015 and to 9,474 in 2016.
Materials and Method: A quantitative evaluative study was carry out on school teachers who are handling 6th to 12th in government higher secondary school at Karur Tamil Nadu. A total of 50 teachers were selected by convenient sampling techniques. Data was collected using self-administered questionarie. Data were analyzed in term of descriptive and inferential statistics.
Results: The study revealed that the pre-test, before the administration of planned teaching programme, 5 (10%) school teachers had inadequate level knowledge, 42 (84%) school teachers had moderate level of knowledge and 3 (6%) school teachers had adequate level of knowledge. In the post-test, after the administration of planned teaching programme, no school teachers had inadequate level knowledge, 7 (14%) school teachers had moderate level of knowledge and 43 (86%) school teachers had adequate level of knowledge. The chi-square shows that there is significance association between residential area of teachers and Educational status of the teachers, However, remaining all are have no significance association with age, Genter, religion, total experience, history of suicide, marital status and previous knowledge about suicidal prevention.
Conclusion: The result of the study showed that there was a improvement in knowledge of school teachers after planned teaching programme and it suggest the need for education for prevention of suicidal behaviour of school students.