A phenomenological study: Experiences of stress among nurses working in hospital
Nirmala Bhavanidas Adsul and Dr. Sheela Upendra
Introduction: Stress if persist for longer duration and is continuous in nature tends to create physical and mental problems in individuals. It impacts on blood vessels and heart and on hormone levels too which shows adverse reaction in the body. Stress impacts emotionally on individual which include fear, anxiety, irritability, anger and frustration.
Objective: To Explore Nurses experience of stress who are working in hospital
Material and Method: Research approach for the study was Quantitative approach and descriptive phenomenological research design was used. Setting was hospitals of Pune city and sample size for the study were 09 Nurses working in hospitals. Data saturation reached after nine nurses and no new theme were emerged from the interview so after that did not interview the nurses. Non probability purposive sampling technique was used. Using in-depth Interview the researcher conducted the interview on lived experiences of nurses on stress. Interview guide was used by researcher and maintained with open ended questions and nurses were tutored to share the experience honestly, openly and with Fairley as per the questions. Qualitative rigor was maintained. Bracketing was done by researcher Triangulation and member checking was done. Dependability, transferability and authenticity was ensured in the study. Data analysis was done by using Colaizzi’s phenomenological method Findings: Themes that were emerged includes appearance of physical symptoms declining motivation, improper communication, and Imbalance in personal and professional responsibilities.
Conclusion: Stress is response to event, situation and challenge stress helps to meet and follow the timelines and avoid danger but when stress exceeds or continuous stress pour on individual it invites health problems. As stress is subjective in nature so getting the experience to will help in developing the techniques to relieve the stress.