Assess the adjustment problems and coping strategies among nursing students in selected colleges of nursing at Kolhapur
Vijay Gautam Ubale and Praveen L Subravgoudar
Background and Objective: In life experiences there are external pressures which stem from the environment. At the same time every individual has his/her own internal demands. These inner and outer demands are stronger in college students. This is because college is a time of transition and transitions mostly are accompanied with changes. Thus college students need to meet successfully the inner and outer demands for the effective completion of their learning. Failure to do this will leave them to adjustment problems. If college students have adjustment problems, it directly and indirectly affects their academic performance.
To deal with the adjustment problems students need to use the coping starategies. Coping means the cognitive and behavioral efforts to manage psychological stress. Coping is as the person’s constantly changing cognitive and behavioral efforts to manage specific external and/or internal demands that are appraised as taxing or exceeding the person’s resources. Therefore, according to this approach, coping refers only to adaptational activities that involve effort, and not all the things that a person does in relating to the environment.
Objectives of the Study:
1.To assess the adjustment problems among nursing students.
2.To assess the Coping Strategies used by nursing students
3.To find out the correlation between adjustment problems scores and coping strategies scores among nursing students.
4.To find out an association between the adjustment problems scores with selected socio-demographic variables among nursing students
5.To find out an association between the coping strategies scores with selected socio-demographic variables among nursing students.
Method: The research approach used for the study was quantitative, survey research approach, design was non experimental, descriptive research design and the samples of 110 nursing students were selected by using non-probability purposive sampling technique for the study. Adjustment scale and Coping scale were used to assess the adjustment problems and Coping strategies among nursing students. Data was analysed by using mean, median, mode, standard deviation, range, Chi-square test for association and Karl pearson coefficient correlation was used for correlation.
Result: The results of the study revealed that the nursing students were having 15.45% good adjustment, while majority of 80.90% were having average adjustment and minimum 3.63% was having poor adjustment. Likewise majority of 60.91% samples were having good coping strategies, while 38.18% were having average coping strategies and minimum 0.90% was having poor coping strategies. The Karl Pearson’s correlation co-efficient test revealed that there was a moderate Positive Correlation=p<0.0001 at 0.45 Correlation between adjustment problems scores and coping strategies scores. There was a no significant association between adjustment problems scores with their selected socio-demographic variables. There was an association between coping strategies scores and selected socio-demographic variable like Religion [X2 Cal= 13.8, X2 tab= 12.59] & Family income [X2 Cal= 50.54, X2 tab= 12.59]. The calculated Chi-square value was higher than tabulated value at 0.05 level of significance.
Interpretation and Conclusion: The present study revealed that majority of nursing students (80.90%) had average adjustment and (60.91%) good coping strategies.
Vijay Gautam Ubale, Praveen L Subravgoudar. Assess the adjustment problems and coping strategies among nursing students in selected colleges of nursing at Kolhapur. Int J Adv Psychiatric Nurs 2021;3(2):94-98.