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International Journal of Advanced Psychiatric Nursing

P-ISSN: 2664-1348, E-ISSN: 2664-1356, Impact Factor: RJIF 5.4
International Journal of Advanced Psychiatric Nursing
Printed Journal   |   Refereed Journal   |   Peer Reviewed Journal
International Journal of Advanced Psychiatric Nursing
2020, Vol. 2, Issue 2, Part A
Prevalence of and risk factors for depressive symptoms among people living with HIV/AIDS receiving antiretroviral treatment in Nigeria

Zulkiflu Musa Argungu, Ado Shehu, Deborah JY and Jama MD

Background: Depression is a common mental disorder (CMD) with significant contributions to the burden of disease. It can lead to high social, economic and individual costs because it accounts for one-third of the days missed at work and a fifth of all primary health-care appointment.
Objective: We aimed to explore the prevalence of and risk factors for depressive symptoms among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) receiving antiretroviral treatment (ART) in Kebbi State, Nigeria.
Method: A cross-sectional study evaluating adult PLWHA receiving ART in three designated clinical hospitals was conducted. The validated Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) was used to assess depressive symptoms, ineligible participants.
Result: Multinomial regression analysis was used to explore the risk factors for depressive symptoms. 348 participants were finally included in all analyses. 40.3% were found to have depressive symptoms with 13.7% having mild depressive symptoms and 26.6% having moderate to severe depressive symptoms.
Conclusion: The results of multinomial regression analysis suggested that being married or living with a partner, recent experience of ART-related side effects, and/or history of HCV infection were positively associated with mild depressive symptoms, while increasing age was positively associated with moderate to severe depressive symptoms.
Pages : 21-25 | 19 Views | 11 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Zulkiflu Musa Argungu, Ado Shehu, Deborah JY, Jama MD. Prevalence of and risk factors for depressive symptoms among people living with HIV/AIDS receiving antiretroviral treatment in Nigeria. Int J Adv Psychiatric Nurs 2020;2(2):21-25.
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