International Journal of Advanced Psychiatric Nursing
2020, Vol. 2, Issue 2, Part A
A study to assess the risk factors of depression in elderly
Dayana BAA, Pragathi H and Pasupathi AA
Elderly people often suffer from depression and it is highlighted as one of the most common and signiﬁcant psychiatric problems. Among the factors linked to depression, the following stand out: being female, advanced age, low levels of education and living alone. In addition to the socio-demographic characteristics, which are well established in the literature, other factors are associated with depression, such as: smoking, co-morbidities (cardiovascular, endocrine, neurological, oncological diseases), high levels of medicine use, functional incapacity, negative perception of own health, low levels of physical activity, suicidal thoughts, insomnia, and a predominance of negative exchanges in relationships with family and friends. These factors, especially those that can be modiﬁed, need to be further explored, taking into account cultural differences between countries and regional differences within those countries, as in Brazil.
• To assess the risk factors of depression in elderly.
• To associate the risk factors in elderly socio demographic variables.
A quantitative researchdesign with purposive sampling technique was adopted to conduct a study to assess the risk factors of depression in elderly. Data was gathered by using multiple choice questionnaires. Confidentiality was maintained throughout the procedure collected data was analysed by using descriptive and inferential statistics.
In risk factors of depression in elderly the most of them 9(30.0%) had average risk factors of depression in elderly and 17(57.0%) had good risk factors of depression in elderly among urban elderly and 4(13.0%) risk factors of depression in elderly..The demographic variable had not shown statistically significant association of level the risk factors of depression with their selected demographic variables.
The studies concluded that the demographic variable had not shown statistically significant association of level the risk factors of depression with their selected demographic variables.